List of Abbreviations

ACI: Atmospheric Climate Intervention

ARPA: Advanced Research Projects Agency

AWS: Air Weather Service

BESK: Binary Electronic Sequence Calculator

CCS: Carbon Capture and Storage

CCSP: Climate Change Science Program

CCTP: Climate Change Technology Program

CDR: Carbon Dioxide Removal

CDRMIP: Carbon Dioxide Removal Model Intercomparison Project

CO2: Carbon Dioxide

CRS: Congressional Research Service

DAC: Direct Air Capture

DARPA: Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency

DOD: United States Department of Defence

DOE: United States Department of Energy

DOS: United States Department of State

ENIAC: Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer

ENMOD : Environmental Modification Convention

EPA: Environmental Protection Agency

FDsys: Federal Digital System

GAO: Government Accountability Office

GCEP: Global Climate and Energy Project

GCM: General Circulation Model

GeoMIP: Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project

IGY: International Geophysical Year

IPCC: United Nation’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

LLNL: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

NAS: National Academy of Sciences

NASA: National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NASEM: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

NCAR : National Center for Atmospheric Research

NGO: Non-Governmental Organisation

NIAC: National Institute for Advanced Concepts

NOAA: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NSF: National Science Foundation

NWS: National Weather Service

OF: Ocean Fertilisation

OSTP: Office of Science and Technology Policy

PSAC: President’s Science Advisory Committee

RAND: Corporation Research and Development Corporation

ScoPEx: Stratospheric Controlled Perturbation Experiment

SPICE: Stratospheric Particle Injection for Climate Engineering

SRM: Solar Radiation Management

UK: United Kingdom

UNFCCC: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

US: United States of America

USDA : United States Department of Agriculture

USGCRP: US Global Change Research Program

USGS : United States Geological Survey

WHOI : Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

WMO: World Meteorological Organization