Ksenia Ermoshina and Francesca Musiani are tenured researchers at the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS). They are based at the Centre for Internet and Society, which Francesca co-founded and co-directs. From 2016 to 2018, Ksenia and Francesca worked within the H2020 project NEXTLEAP (NEXT-generation techno-social and Legal Encryption, Access and Privacy). Their research explores Internet infrastructures and architectures as tools of governance (and resistance) in today’s digital world.

Laura DeNardis is a globally recognised Internet governance scholar and Professor in the School of Communication at American University in Washington, DC, where she also serves as Faculty Director of the Internet Governance Lab. With a background in information engineering and a doctorate in science and technology studies, she has published seven books and numerous articles on the political implications of Internet architecture and governance.