2 For a detailed account of the history of New Town see Dey, I. , Samaddar, R. , and Sen, S. K. (2013), Beyond Kolkata: Rajarhat and the Dystopia of Urban Imagination. Routledge India.

3 These include: The New Town Kolkata Development Authority (NKDA), the Housing Infrastructure Development Corporation of West Bengal (HIDCO), Future Cities Catapult, Cisco, The American Chamber of Commerce in India (AmCham India), Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), National Association of Software and Service Companies (NASSCOM).


Abzooba (2018). Sentiments going viral could have adverse effects on business or governance. <> [accessed 17 March 2018].

Amoore, L. (2006). Biometric Borders: Governing Mobilities in the War on Terror. Political Geography 25(3): 336–351.

—— (2013). The Politics of Possibility: Risk and Security Beyond Probability Durham: Duke University Press.

Amoore, L., Marmura, S., and Salter, M. B. (2008). Smart Borders and Mobilities: Spaces, Zones, Enclosures. Surveillance & Society 5(2): 96–101.

Amoore, L., and Piotukh, V. (2015). Life Beyond Big Data: Governing with Little Analytics. Economy and Society 44(3): 341–366.

Anderson, B. (2008). Preemption, Precaution, Preparedness: Anticipatory Action and Future Geographies. Progress in Human Geography 34(6): 777–798.

Angotti, T., (2013). Urban Latin America: Violence, Enclaves, and Struggles for Land. Latin American Perspectives 40(2): 5–20.

Atkinson, R., and Blandy, S. (2005). Introduction: International Perspectives on the New Enclavism and the Rise of Gated Communities. Housing Studies 20(2): 177–186.

Balibar, É. (2002). What is a Border? In É. Balibar and others (Eds), Politics and the Other Scene. Berlin: Verso Trade, pp. 75–86.

Crang, M., and Graham, S. (2007). Sentient Cities. Ambient Intelligence and the Politics of Urban Space. Information, Communication & Society 10(6): 789–817.

Datta, A. (2018). The Digital Turn in Postcolonial Urbanism: Smart Citizenship in the Making of India’s 100 Smart Cities. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 43(3): 405–419.

de Goede, M. (2012). Speculative Security. The Politics of Pursuing Terrorist Monies. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

de Goede, M., Simon, S., and Hojitnik, M. (2014). Performing Preemption. Security Dialogue 45(5): 411–422.

Dey, I., Samaddar, R., and Sen, S. K. (2013) Beyond Kolkata: Rajarhat and the Dystopia of Urban Imagination. New Delhi: Routledge India.

Dourish, P. (2016). The Internet of Urban Things. In R. Kitchin and S. Perng (Eds), Code and the City. London: Routledge, pp. 27–46.

Easterling, K. (2014). Extrastatecraft: The Power of Infrastructure Space. New York: Verso.

Foucault, M. (2007). Security, Territory, Population. London: Palgrave McMillan.

Gabrys, J. (2016). Program Earth: Environmental Sensing Technology and the Making of a Computational Planet. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Gooptu, N. (2013). Servile Sentinels of the City: Private Security Guards, Organized Informality, and Labour in Interactive Services in Globalized India. International Review of Social History 58(1): 9–38.

Graham, S. (2012). When Life Itself is War: On the Urbanization of Military and Security Doctrine. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 36(1): 136–155.

Halpern, O., LeCavalier, J., Calvillo, N., and Pietsch, W. (2013). Test-Bed Urbanism. Public Culture 25(2): 272–306.

Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI) (2019). India Internet. <> [accessed 20 January 2020].

King, A. (2016). Is Big Brother on the Dark Side of the Smart City? Irish Times, 20 October. <> [accessed 4 July 2018].

Kitchin, R. (2011). The Programmable City. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 38(6): 945–951.

—— The Real-Time City? Big Data and Smart Urbanism. GeoJournal 79(1): 1–14.

Kitchin, R., and Perng, S. Y. (2016). Code and the City. London: Routledge.

Leese, M. (2016). Exploring the Security/Facilitation Nexus: Foucault at the ‘Smart’ Border. Global Society 30(3): 412–429.

Lyon, D. (2018). The Culture of Surveillance: Watching as a Way of Life. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Masdeval, C., and Veloso, A. (2015). Mining Citizen Emotions to Estimate the Urgency of Urban Issues. Information Systems 54: 147–155.

McMullan, T. (2015). What Does the Panopticon Mean in the Age of Digital Surveillance? The Guardian, 23 July. <> [accessed 4 July 2018].

McNeill, D. (2015). Global Firms and Smart Technologies: IBM and the Reduction of Cities. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 40(4): 562–574.

Mertia, S. (2017). Socio-Technical Imaginaries of a Data-Driven City – Ethnographic Vignettes from Delhi. The Fibreculture Journal (29): 94–114.

Mezzadra, S., and Neilson B. (2013). Border as Method, Or, the Multiplication of Labor. Durham: Duke University Press.

Mitra, A. (2015). Informal Economy in India: Persistence and Meagreness. Agrarian South: Journal of Political Economy 4(2): 216–231.

Musto, C., Semeraro, G., Lops, P., and Gemmis, M. (2015). CrowdPulse: A Framework for Real-Time Semantic Analysis of Social Streams. Information Systems 54: 127–146.

Ong, A. (2006). Neoliberalism as Exception: Mutations in Citizenship and Sovereignty. Durham: Duke University Press.

Pötzsch, H. (2015). The Emergence of iBorder: Bordering Bodies, Networks, and Machines. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 33(1): 101–118.

Rancière, J. (2004). The Politics of Aesthetics: The Distribution of the Sensible. London; New York: Continuum.

Rossiter, N. (2016). Software, Infrastructure, Labor: A Media Theory of Logistical Nightmares. New York: Routledge.

Roy, A. (2011). The Blockade of the World‐Class City: Dialectical Images of Indian Urbanism. In A. Roy and A. Ong. (Eds), Worlding Cities. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 295–278.

Schindler, S. (2014). The Making of ‘World-Class’ Delhi: Relations Between Street Hawkers and the New Middle Class. Antipode 46(2): 557–573.

Smart Cities Mission (n.d.). What is Smart City. <> [accessed 20 January 2018].

New Town Kolkata Development Authority (n.d.). Smart City Proposal, New Town Kolkata, Annexures 2–4. <> [accessed 18 February 2018].

New Town Kolkata Development Authority (2015). Smart City Proposal. <> [accessed 18 February 2018].

Söderström, O., Paasche, T., and Klauser, F. (2014). Smart Cities as Corporate Storytelling. CITY 18(3): 307–320.

Thrift, N. (2014). The ‘Sentient’ City and What It May Portend. Big Data & Society 1(1).

Tufekci, Z. (2014). Engineering the Public: Big Data, Surveillance and Computational Politics. First Monday 19(7).

Weiler, A., Grossniklaus M., and Scholl, M. H. (2016). Situation Monitoring of Urban Areas Using Social Media Data Streams. Information Systems 57: 129–141.

Meloxicam allergic reaction Windsor xifaxan 200mg shipping Thunder Bay verapamil shipping Where to buy cardura in Colorado online Allopurinol 10 0mg uses Provigil and skin disorder Buy buspar 5mg from Sydney Where to buy synthroid in Thunder Bay Where to buy xyzal 5mg in Lincoln online Buy alphagan online from Michigan